Directly linked to the Industrial Revolution is the process of urbanization —the development of cities. Urbanization involves the wide-scale movement of people from rural, agrarian areas of the country to developing metropolitan hubs. Urbanization began long before the Industrial Revolution and dates back to the Middle Ages and the growth of early European cities. With industrialization, people in large numbers moved in search of paid employment, or wage labor, involved in the mass production of goods and rendering of services. Urban areas tend to be more diverse and heterogeneous than traditional, agricultural-based communities. They are more densely populated, and they present different social problems and challenges that call for centralized legal structures.

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