Tropical Deforestation

5-6 pages in length. Double-spaced, 12 pt font and default margins. Research details: Essays must use at least eight different primary sources from appropriate academic sources. Peer-reviewed journal articles are the preferred source of primary information, while government on non-governmental documents, monographs and textbooks are appropriate secondary academic resources. Novels, encyclopedia, dictionaries, opinion websites, your lecture notes, and wikis are not. If you are not sure whether your resources are appropriate, ask the TA or the course instructor.


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Remember that four primary sources is the minimum research effort required beyond the sources (four) listed on the essay topic document. APA system.Tropical deforestation is a result of a number of human activities including commercial logging, fuel wood collection, cattle ranching, large-scale development projects, and agriculture. In this essay, you are required to:


(i) Identify the most important types of activities that currently contribute to tropical deforestation, and compare how these factors differentially influence deforestation across regions.

(ii) Describe the environmental implications of deforestation.

(iii) Summarize the economic and/ormarket mechanisms used to reduce forest degradation.

Suggested sources: 1. Geist, H.J and Lambin,E.F. (2002).Proximate causes and underlying driving forces of tropical deforestation. BioScience, 52(2), 143-150. 2. Kummer, D. and Turner,B. (1994).The human causes of deforestation in Southeast Asia. BioScience, 44, 323-328. 3. Nepstad, D., Soares-Filho, B.S., Merry,F. et al. (2009).The end of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon. Science,326,1350-1351.4. Rudel, T.K., Defries, R. Asner, G.P. and Laurance,W.F. (2009).Changing drivers of deforestation and new opportunities for conservation. Conservation Biology, 23, 1396-1405


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