Stephen Schafer

Schafer also created a victim typology in his book The Victim and His Criminal: A Study in Functional Responsibility . His work examined the level of responsibility that a victim played in his/her victimization. According to Schafer, victims have a responsibility to not act in ways that might provoke their victimization (such as threatening people) as well as doing their best to prevent their own victimization. His 7-point scale ranged from no responsibility at all to complete responsibility.

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