Sector Background

Inclusion schools, also known as inclusive education schools, allow students with disabilities to be integrated with mainstream students. It is a technique that combines children with special learning needs into general education to socialize and be accepted by others. Jackson, Ryndak, and Billingsley defined inclusive education as applying the inclusion technique to create a new style of teaching that includes children with disabilities in regular school classrooms. Consideration sees them all as students who benefit from meaningful, challenging, and relevant educational aspects and differentiated teaching techniques tailored to their abilities and needs.

Ensuring that each elementary student has an equal opportunity for educational advancement remains a considerable concern worldwide. SODs may face numerous challenges during their transfer and adaption to conventional educational settings.

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Due to an in adequacy in these requirements, SODs in conventional schools face numerous challenges. Initially, such barriers exist because the principals lack a mastery of these students’ needs. This ignorance causes a slew of hurdles and roadblocks, including a scarcity of skilled teachers, a lack of regulations protecting the rights of such students. As a result, the work of school leaders becomes crucial and demanding in inclusive schools that integrate SODs with other regular kids.

As a result, the government of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) initiated an inclusive school program called “School for All” under Federal Law No. 29 in 2006, which adopted the concept of inclusive education to ensure that all students with disabilities, referred to as Students of Determination (SOD), have the right to access education in public and private schools and all other educational institutions in the United States. UAE Hence the Ministry of Education (MOE) launched a new initiative to include students with special needs in mainstream schools in the UAE. The UAE developed new guidelines to regulate inclusive and diverse ideas in the country, and schools began to accept different disabilities, which was not the case in the past. Before introducing the law, schools rejected students with specific disabilities, such as Down syndrome and Autism. They only accepted less apparent disabilities, such as students with learning disabilities. This change created a lot of pressure and challenges on school leaders in running an effective inclusive school.


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