Persons Diagnosed With Mental Conditions

Preventive mental health services increased in popularity after the deinstitutionalization movement that began in the 1950s. The Community Mental Health Center Act of 1963 compelled states to fund community-based mental health programs. The act, combined with the development of more effective antipsychotic drugs, enabled patients to receive mental health care from early stages and to better manage symptoms like hallucinations experienced by people with schizophrenia, thus preventing the need for prolonged insti- tutionalization

Type of Program Pros Cons

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Persons Diagnosed With Mental Conditions
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Universal Targets the entire population. Includes programs such as prenatal and early childhood intervention programs and injury reduction programs.

These programs face funding challenges that restrict availability and accessibility.

Selective Targets groups identified as having a higher risk of developing mental health disorders. Includes substance and alcohol abuse prevention and intervention programs.

Lack of funding for community- based programs targeting specific low-income, high-risk groups restricts delivery.

Indicated Targets individuals identified as having a higher risk of developing mental health disorders. Includes evaluation, education, and therapeutic programming for individuals.

For an individual to be identified as having a higher risk of developing mental health disorders, that person must come in contact with the appropriate health care workers and community program organizers.

Recent studies indicate low-income areas experience higher rates of homicide, partly due to inadequate living conditions and poor educational opportunities.

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