A large mass was palpated on the left lower quadrant. The abdomen was tender and distended.

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Osteoarthritis is a form of arthritis in which there is a gradual degeneration of the protective cartilage, which cushions bone ends (Roy et al., 2019). It is “wear and tear” arthritis. It mostly occurs in the knees, hands, and hips (Roy et al., 2019). On the other hand, rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition in which the body produces an inflammatory activity against its cells (Roy et al., 2019). This inflammation damages joints such as the wrists, hands, and knees (Roy et al., 2019).


Both infections affect the joints. They have some similar symptoms, such as joint pain and stiffness in the affected joints.Both diseases do not have a cure, but some medications can be given to ease the symptoms.


In rheumatoid arthritis, there is an abrupt onset of symptoms, while osteoarthritis has a gradual onset (Arve, 2021). The second difference is that osteoarthritis affects individuals at the later stages of life, while rhumatoid arthritis can affect a person at any stage of life. Osteoarthritis is limited only to the affected joints, while rheumatoid arthritis affects the entire body and other organs such as the eyes (Arve, 2021). Individuals with osteoarthritis have little or no swollen joint while rheumatoid presents with swollen joints.In osteoarthritis, the morning stiffness typically lasts for an hour, returning after physical activity or the end of the day (). In RA, the stiffness lasts for more than one hour, with the symptoms of fatigue and tiredness being present throughout the day (Arve, 2021)


Arve, C. (2021, May 4). Difference between osteoarthritis & rheumatoid arthritis | Joint Academy. Joint Academy US. https://www.jointacademy.com/us/en/facts/related-diagnoses/rheumatoid-arthritis-and-osteoarthritis/ (Links to an external site.)

Dunlap, J. J., & Patterson, S. (2020). Assessing abdominal pain. Gastroenterology Nursing43(3), 267-270. https://doi.org/10.1097/sga.0000000000000531 (Links to an external site.)

Reuben, A. (2016). Examination of the abdomen. Clinical Liver Disease7(6), 143-150. https://doi.org/10.1002/cld.556 (Links to an external site.)


Roy, H. S., Cheng, C., Zhu, Q., Yue, L., & Yang, S. (2019). Comparison between major types of arthritis based on diagnostic ultrasonography. The Open Medical Imaging Journal11(1), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.2174/1874347101911010001


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