Nonuse of Safety Devices

◦ Correct helmet use can lead to a 42% reduction in the risk of fatal injuries and 69% reduction in the risk of head injuries

◦ Wearing seat-belts reduce the risk of death among drivers and front seat occupants by 45 – 50%, and the risk of death and serious injuries among rear seat occupants by 25%

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◦ Use of child restraints can lead to a 60% reduction in deaths

Risk Factors – Distracted Driving

◦ Many types of distractions

◦ Distraction caused by mobile phones is a growing concern for road safety.

◦ Drivers using mobile phones are approximately 4 times more likely to be involved in a crash than drivers not using a mobile phone

◦ Using a phone while driving slows reaction times (notably braking reaction time, but also reaction to traffic signals), and makes it difficult to keep in the correct lane, and to keep the correct following distances

◦ Hands-free phones are not much safer than hand-held phone sets, and texting considerably increases the risk of a crash

◦ What do you think is the distance one travels while driving if one takes their eyes off the road and looks at a mobile phone for 4 seconds travelling at 50 mph?

◦ 100 Yards (Length of a football field)

Other Distracted Driving Activities

◦ Anything that takes your attention away from driving

can be a distraction

◦ Using a GPS

◦ Eating while driving

◦ Distractions from other passengers

◦ Handling the radio

◦ Having earbuds in

◦ Pets or children in the car

◦ Dropping an item

Risk Factors – Unsafe Road Infrastructure

◦ Ideally, roads should be designed keeping in mind the

safety of all road users

◦ Making sure that there are adequate facilities for all road

users (pedestrians, cyclists, and motorcyclist)

◦ Footpaths, cycling lanes, safe crossing points, and other

traffic calming measures critical to reducing the risk of

injury among these road users

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