Memory is much more than just a passive storage system of knowledge. Memory is a set of active processes that encode information. Memory places information into “packages” or “packets” making information easier to recall and allowing it to be associated with related items already in memory. Memory also involves storing information. Part of this process is the constant rearranging of what has been stored for that new knowledge to be integrated with what has already been stored. Additionally, it allows provides for locating and retrieving of information as it is needed.


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Specific Cognitive Abilities

These functions refer to an individual’s stored supply of knowledge and skills. This includes items such as reading, writing, comprehension, motor skills, and visual-spatial skills.


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