Judaism and Islam Beliefs Systems Chart

Assignment Description:

Part I: Judaism and Islam Beliefs Systems Chart

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Research the distinctive beliefs and practices of Judaism and Islam and complete the chart below. Use bullet points.

Bradley Bates

Judaism Islam


· There is no mediator between God and His people

· Monotheist God

· Torah

· No Christian New Testament

· All Jews have a place in the next world, but some will have earned better seats than others

· Do not believe in Jesus as Messiah – he was just a religious leader and teacher

· Obedience to the law is more importance than beliefs

· The Messiah has yet to come


· Jesus was just a man

· Qur’an

· Prophethood of Mohammed

· Angels of Allah

· Life after death

· Oneness and unity of Allah

· Day of judgement

· Respect for all, especially the elderly



· Strict adherence to laws

· Importance given to education and income

· Saturday Sabbath adherence

· Kosher dietary laws

· Men wear Kippah and prayer shawls

· Righteousness, love, and tolerance for all



· Prayer multiple times daily

· No sex outside of marriage

· Marriages are generally within the faith and often arranged

· Adherence to Islamic laws


· Hanukkah

· Circumcision

· Bar/Bat Mitzvah

· Confirmation

· Marriage with Ketubah

· Mourning periods

· Sabbath

· Rosh Hashanah

· Yom Kippur

· Passover

· Death and burial

· Shavuot

· Yom Ha Shoah



· Five pillars of Islam

· Prayer five times daily

· Giving of alms

· Faith: repetition of the creed

· Fasting during the month of Ramadan

· Pilgrimage to Mecca


· Each synagogue is independent but

may belong to central organizations

· Lay people form a board of directors

which votes on a Rabbi





· An Imam may oversee/lead prayer



Part II: Comparative Analysis

Write a 200-300-word comparative analysis of Judaism and Islam.

Before doing research and reading about Islam and Judaism I only knew what I had seen on TV about the two of them. Aside from being monotheistic belief systems that arose in the Middle East, Christianity, Judaism and Islam have a great deal in common. There are certainly similarities in how they go about and practice sacrifice, good works, hospitality, peace, justice, pilgrimage, an afterlife and loving God with all one’s heart and soul. Rabbi David Rosen, the American Jewish Committee’s international director of interreligious affairs, says of the New Testament, the Torah and the Koran, “In essence, they are the same book.” Since Islam and Judaism come from a similar origin in the Middle East from Abraham, they are both considered “Abrahamic” religions. There are many aspects of Judaism and Islam that are the same. Islam was influenced by Judaism in regard to religious outlook, structure, practice, and jurisprudence. Jerusalem was the capital of King David’s Israel in the Hebrew Bible, as well as the city where David’s son Solomon built his temple. In biblical times, Jewish people who could not make a pilgrimage to the city were supposed to, face the direction of it, and pray. According to the Quran, Jerusalem was also the last place the Prophet Muhammad stayed before he rose to the heavens and spoke to God in the seventh century. Before that, he was transported from Mecca to Jerusalem in a single night by a magical creature. Due to this similarity as well as the influence of Islamic culture and philosophy on the Jewish people in the Muslim world, there has been considerable commonality of physical, theological, and political views between the two faiths in subsequent years.


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