Intellectual Disabilities

Intellectual disabilities are most often organic. However, many also have familial origins. Therapy for individuals with intellectual disabilities may include early intervention, behavioral, language, and social skills training, and always requires significant family involvement. What is the importance of family involvement in therapy, and what is the importance of each of these intervention approaches?

Research has estimated that the risk of emotional and behavioral disturbances among children with intellectual disabilities is approximately three to five times greater than among typically developing children (Enfold, Ellis, & Emerson, 2011). How might intellectual disabilities affect a child’s sense of self-worth and perception of competency as they enter adolescence and young adulthood? What effects might this have on functioning in school, relationships, work, and family?

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