Human Development Index (HDI) and Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)


1. Explain why countries rank differently on the Human Development Index (HDI) and Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) than on Gross National Income Per Capita (GNIPC). What factors tend to make Developing Countries score higher on the HDI or MPI than on GNIPC? Evaluate the following statement: donor countries and multilateral development agencies should ignore income statistics entirely when deciding where to spend their loan and grant funds.

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2. Describe the nature and content of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). How do the MDGs and SDGs differ from one another? Is setting such goals, even though they may be widely missed in many important Developing Countries, a valuable exercise? Why or not? Is there anything that the SDGs miss that they should include in your view?

3. Is the economic growth process in Developing Countries better captured by the well-known growth theories covered in class or by theories focusing on international dependence? If you were a policy-maker in a Developing Country who strove to stimulate economic growth — without setting off macroeconomic instability — and make society more equitable, which, if any, of the growth models would you find the most useful? Explain your answer.



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