Health Information Technology (HIT)

Health information technology is an integral part of the practice of medicine. HIT include various technologies such as simple charting, to advanced decision support and integration with medical technology (Singh, Javaid, Haleem, Vaishya, & Bahl, 2020). It also provides opportunities for improving and transforming healthcare. These includes minimizing human errors, improving clinical outcomes, facilitating care coordination, improving practice efficiencies as well as tracking data overtime. Bar code medication administration systems are electronic system that has replaced electronic medication with bar code technology with an aim to prevent medication error. Another way HIT has integrated in the healthcare system is through patient electronic portals which is a secure online application that provide patient access to their personal health information and 2 way electronic communication with their care giver through a computer.

Patient portal has led to improve outcomes of preventive care and disease awareness as well as self-management. HIT has brought several benefits to healthcare including increasing patient engagement as consumers of health care, since it allows patients to access their medical records making them be aware of their conditions (Wanderer & Ehrenfeld, 2014). HIT also improves follow-up for missed appointments, consultations, as well as diagnostic testing. However, although it improves patient safety it comes with some drawbacks. While patient engagement tools aim at improving patient involvement, the use of portable devices that lack passwords increases the risk of privacy invasion on patient records. As huge amount of data is being transferred between different systems, this increases the chances of mismatch of patient data in healthcare. Moreover, if patient records are not well edited copy and pasting patient notes might compromise patient records.

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Singh, R. P., Javaid, M., Haleem, A., Vaishya, R., & Bahl, S. (2020). Significance of Health Information Technology (HIT) in context to COVID-19 pandemic: Potential roles and challenges. Journal of Industrial Integration and Management5(04), 427-440.

Wanderer, J. P., & Ehrenfeld, J. M. (2014). Benefits and drawbacks of health information technology. In Monitoring technologies in acute care environments (pp. 385-390). Springer, New York, NY.


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Health Information Technology (HIT) is currently being used to improve population health by allowing hospitals to electronically communicate patient data with specialists and other professionals, as well as allowing individuals to access their own health data via mobile devices. Health information technology (HIT) is used to improve the quality and efficiency of health care services, as well as to cut costs, expand treatment options, and improve patient care experiences. Healthcare providers can better serve their patients and communities by utilizing HIT.


Some of the advantages are that HIT is used to improve patient care, save costs, and increase treatment access. HIT could help with patient care and community outreach. HIT has the potential to improve patient care, save expenses, and speed up the processing of medical data. It is customary to employ (HIT) to enhance healthcare quality, evaluate results, and reduce costs. HIT is often utilized in hospitals, but it is also found in medical offices, clinics, and private residences. HIT also enhances the quality of patient treatment, lowers disease burden, measures and monitors results, and lowers costs.


Some disadvantages are that the absence of interoperability in health information technology (HIT) is a major problem. Because of this, it’s tough for doctors to acquire a complete picture of a patient’s health. Unlike other industries, where numerous companies share software, the healthcare industry has its own software, making it impossible for professionals to view a patient’s whole medical record. As a result, automated aspects such as medication adherence and patient communication are hampered as a result. Many people are resistant to change and refuse to use computers to make health-care decisions.



Publication Manual American Psychological Association (APA) (7th ed.). 2020. ISBN-13:978-1433832161. ISBN-10: 143383216X

Goroll, A. H., & Mulley, A. G. (2019). Primary care medicine: office evaluation and management of the adult patient. 7th ed. Wolters Kluwer Health: Philadelphia, PA. ISBN-13: 978-1451151497


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