Globalization, the Right to Work, and Human Trafficking

Globalization has had an enormous impact on the trade in people, widening the gap between rich and poor and making it easier for traffickers to recruit and move victims. In fact, it can be said that those involved in transnational crime have benefited significantly from globalization. Current global conditions have created increased demand for cheap labor, thereby increasing migration and consequently human trafficking and smuggling (Naim, 2006). Increased supply of individuals vulnerable to exploitation is present because globalization has contributed to an increase in economic disparities between more developed and developing countries. Tourism has also grown because of globalization, which makes it easier for consumers of the sex industry to travel and engage in sex tourism.

The right to work is the concept that every human has the right to work and to be fairly compensated. The term was coined by French socialist leader Louis Blanc in the early nineteenth century. The right to work is articulated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and elaborated upon in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1976). The right to work is also recognized in international human rights law.

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