Gender, Ethnicity, and Discrimination Issues

 How do gender and ethnicity factor into the occupations people choose and how their careers subsequently develop?

What types of bias and discrimination hinder the occupational development of women and ethnic minority workers?

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Women in the U.S. represent 47% of the workforce

In the past, women chose traditional, female-dominated occupations

Secretarial work, teaching, etc.

Non-traditional women’s occupations are those that have 25% or less of women employed

Women who choose non-traditional occupations are viewed more negatively than their male colleagues

Generational differences exist regarding women’s occupations

21st century women can be entrepreneurs and work from home

Can now negotiate for career development and a positive work environment

Women leave their jobs for two main reasons, other than family obligations:

Organizations idealize and reward masculine values of working

Women prefer organizations that value relationships, interdependence, and collaboration

Women may feel disconnected from the workplace

Ethnicity and Occupational Development

Little research has been done on this topic

When an organization is responsive to the needs of minorities, these employees report more positive feelings


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