Functional Prerequisites Of All Societies And Social Systems

Parsons:  (AGIP Model)

  • Adaptation (use of resources, relation to external environment)
  • Goal attainment (directed towards a collective goal)
  • Integration (coordination of parts/subsystems)
  • Pattern maintenance (which he also called latency) – society’s symbolic order

Foucault as a Poststructuralist

  • For Foucault, societies are not logical or rational, they do not abide by rules or consistent phenomena
  • Society can be unpredictable
  • Lack of cause and effect
  • can not assume that there are universal truths about societies or cultures.
  • Cultures do not evolve like ecosystems.
  • what should we study?
  • Discourse, power, genealogies, taboo, oppression.

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