Fleet and Driver Safety

During your annual screenings, you find out that 39% of your drivers have either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. This number shocks you, and you want to do something about it because you do not need to have any of the drivers blacking out from a diabetic reaction (i.e., insulin deficiency) while driving. You also want to keep these numbers from rising, so you need to look at health education or possibly incentive programs for employees to improve their food choices and overall fitness.

Your two goals for this case study are to come up with a plan to help employees who already have diabetes and to come up with a healthy lifestyle fitness plan for all company employees. Explain the benefits and potential costs associated with your plans. You can decide on the size of the company that you are operating. You are encouraged to think outside the box in coming up with solutions. It may help to research what some leading transportation companies have done. Companies outside of the transportation industry may also have plans, so do not simply limit yourself to researching fleet operators.

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Your completed case study should be at least two pages in length and include at least two outside sources, one of which must come from the CSU Online Library. Follow APA Style when creating citations and references for this assignment.


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Course Learning Outcomes for Unit III Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to:

1. Summarize fleet safety management programs and practices. 1.1 Identify health incentive programs for a transportation company. 1.2 Discuss plans for helping diabetic drivers.

2. Discuss industry-specific fleet safety issues.

2.1 Explain benefits and costs associated with health programs in the transportation industry.

Course/Unit Learning Outcomes

Learning Activity


Unit Lesson Chapter 3, pp. 25–45 Article: “Engaging Employees in Their Health and Wellness” Article: “Worksite Physical Activity” Report: National Survey of Long-Haul Truck Driver Health and Injury Unit III Case Study


Unit Lesson Chapter 3, pp. 25–45 Article: “Engaging Employees in Their Health and Wellness” Article: “Worksite Physical Activity” Report: National Survey of Long-Haul Truck Driver Health and Injury Unit III Case Study


Unit Lesson Chapter 3, pp. 25–45 Article: “Engaging Employees in Their Health and Wellness” Article: “Worksite Physical Activity” Report: National Survey of Long-Haul Truck Driver Health and Injury Web page: “Air Bags” Unit III Case Study


Required Unit Resources Chapter 3: Vehicles and Accidents, pp. 25–45 In order to access the following resources, click the links below. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Engaging employees in their health and wellness.

Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/workplacehealthpromotion/initiatives/resource-center/case- studies/engage-employees-health-wellness.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (n.d.). Worksite physical activity. Retrieved from

https://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/worksite-pa/index.htm National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (n.d.). Air bags. Retrieved from



Selection, Training, Instruction, and Driver Supervision




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Office of Research and Information Technology. (2014). National survey of long-haul truck driver health and injury. Retrieved from https://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/sites/fmcsa.dot.gov/files/docs/National Survey of Long-Haul Truck Driver Health and Injury.pdf


Unit Lesson Introduction The role of the safety manager is recognized as an important part in the execution of all safety processes within an organization. There are many parts of fleet safety management that include everything from vehicle maintenance to effective safety training. Coordination within any company is very important; therefore, knowledgeable safety managers and experienced supervisors are the support system to assist the frontline drivers to perform safely each day. The fleet safety process begins with sound fleet safety management. A strong fleet begins with regular maintenance on vehicles and vehicles that are correctly chosen for the tasks that they will be expected to perform. A company must consider the types of vehicles that are needed and the length of time they will be used. There are many different classes of commercial vehicles. The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration’s (FMCSA) Commercial Driver’s License Program outlines the various classes. There are three classes of commercial driver’s licenses in addition to various endorsements utilized by fleet drivers to operate vehicles specific to an operation (FMCSA, n.d.). The different classes and endorsements for commercial driver’s licenses can be viewed on the FMCSA website. Drivers must be qualified based on the specific determinations outlined in the classes in order to transport the organization’s materials and products. Drivers are hired who are qualified to drive the specific fleet vehicles of the company and who have driving records that meet federal and company specifications. These drivers will be further trained by the company to safely operate these vehicles. Safety Features of Fleet Vehicles Critical components of safety include vehicle features that not only protect the driver but also protect the vehicle when in use. These safety features, as shown in the graphic, help protect both the vehicle and the driver. Drivers must be trained in the operation of these safety features in addition to being trained on speed control and traffic monitoring to mitigate the possibility of an accident.

Fleet tracking is another method of integrating safety features into fleet safety management. Onboard operating systems fill a variety of fleet tracking needs to monitor and carefully measure safety features and processes in live time. Onboard systems, such as Zonar, NexTraq, Coyote, PeopleNet, and SkyHawk, are




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utilized by various companies to successfully measure safety practices in real time and assist fleet safety managers in improving driver performance in the future. These onboard systems also send information back to the company and its fleet safety manager, which can include information such as the speed of the vehicle, potential distance collision factors, and details of accidents that just took place. While systems such as Zonar and PeopleNet are utilized with larger commercial vehicles, systems such as NexTraq, Coyote, and SkyHawk are used with smaller commercial vehicles. They help maximize revenue opportunities by ensuring drivers follow-up on and carry out the training that they received. Additional Considerations In addition to fleet safety measures, management must consider not only the type of vehicles that are necessary to meet organizational needs but also the economic results of these vehicles. Companies are constantly challenged to reduce overhead costs and improve productivity while complying with federal safety guidelines. Long-term solutions are more beneficial than short-term ideas in successfully managing an effective fleet. Low maintenance costs are one of the key factors in managing a fleet because cost projections are based on current financial analyses and can determine long-term usage by drivers. The type of engines available for fleets are also important given that, if chosen correctly, they can extend the life span of a vehicle and can increase fuel efficiency for drivers. Fuel is an important feature in ensuring the economically sound use of a vehicle. Not only can it be expensive, but if used correctly in alignment with proper vehicle maintenance, it can also lower overall vehicle costs. Diesel engines are good engines for most companies to use because of their proven longevity, which can allow a fleet vehicle to last longer than most. If the life span of the vehicle has been reached or if upgrades are necessary because of changes in usage, management must also consider whether it is more financially viable to continue with the use of the vehicle with upgrades or if it is time to retire it. Within transportation, environmental factors, such as vehicle-use modification when the seasons change, need to be addressed. For example, if a company vehicle operates where heavy snow falls in the winter, upgrades must be made to ensure safety, such as the purchase of snow tires and chains. All types of safety measures are important in successfully managing a fleet and maintaining efficiency of all fleet vehicles. A checklist is required by the FMCSA that all drivers must complete prior to beginning (i.e., pre- operation inspection list) and upon completion of their workday (i.e., post-operation inspection list). These checklists are also called the Driver-Vehicle Inspection Report (DVIR). These daily inspections contribute to both the safety and operating efficiency of the fleet (Haight, 2015). After the workday ends, the driver can utilize the post-operation inspection list to document all working capabilities of the vehicle for the next day and communicate to the maintenance department what needs to be repaired. In addition, these checklists provide a detailed record that the safety and maintenance managers can utilize to document vehicle maintenance and operations. Accident Investigations for Fleet Vehicles When an accident involving a fleet vehicle occurs, a safety manager must understand and implement the necessary accident investigation process. The goal of a successful accident investigation is to prevent future accidents. Vehicles must be prepared for any potential investigation with the correct documentation always onboard. This documentation includes the driver’s license, the vehicle registration, and other necessary documents. This is where officials start their investigation. As mentioned before, drivers must always be able to show accurate documentation of their credentials, pre-operation inspections, post-operation inspections, vehicle insurance, and vehicle registration. Each company has its own accident investigation procedures and an accident documentation kit, and these provide a driver with the forms and tools needed to collect basic information related to the accident. Upon completion, the kit is then given to the safety manager for documentation. Diagrams and photographs are also used as documentation for describing the different parts of the accident to show how the vehicles were affected. Onboard monitoring systems are also reviewed to try to determine who was at fault in the accident. After all evidence is collected, the safety manager then reviews it in addition to checking to see if any parts of the vehicle were under recall. New and improved safety training is then administered to drivers within the organization using these past accidents as a learning tool to increase awareness of what could happen while driving and how to possibly prevent similar occurrences in the future. The video Truck Driving Student




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Backing at a Truck Stop shows the intricacies involved in backing up a semi-truck and trailer. A transcript and closed captioning are available once you access the video. Proper maintenance of fleet vehicles in conjunction with accurate safety training measures need to be used by all companies to effectively train and manage their fleets daily. While there are many different types of factors that can cause accidents, the main source for prevention is with the driver. Drivers must constantly improve their skills as they work to help mitigate and reduce potential accidents. While safety managers are responsible for providing training on how to prevent accidents in addition to safely managing fleet vehicles, drivers are responsible for carrying out these processes each day. Severe weather, vehicle maintenance problems, animals in the roadway, and other drivers on the road play an important part in accidents. Drivers need to be trained to monitor their vehicle for any potential issues and to keep an eye on the road for other problems that might arise.

References Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration. (n.d.). Drivers: Overview. Retrieved from

https://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/registration/commercial-drivers-license/drivers Haight, J. M. (Ed.). (2015). Fleet safety: For safety professionals and fleet managers. Park Ridge, IL:

American Society of Safety Professionals.

Suggested Unit Resources In order to access the following resources, click the links below. The Center for Truck and Bus Safety’s DrivingHealthy.org website has some great information about health and fitness, and the information is tailored specifically for commercial truck drivers. Visit the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s web page below, which includes links for frequently asked questions and regulatory evaluations. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (n.d.). Event data recorders (EDRs). Retrieved from

https://www.nhtsa.gov/fmvss/event-data-recorders-edrs Before you purchase your next car or truck, you may want to take a look at the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s SaferCar.gov website to view crash ratings, recalls and investigations, and complaints and defects. To learn more about the miles per gallon (mpg) that various vehicles get and for tips on how to improve your mpg consumption, see the U.S. Department of Energy’s U.S. Department of Energy’s FuelEconomy.gov website.

Learning Activities (Nongraded) Nongraded Learning Activities are provided to aid students in their course of study. You do not have to submit them. If you have questions, contact your instructor for further guidance and information. If you owned your own trucking company, from the list of the following things (with 1 being “most important” and 10 being “not without value to me but least important” of the 10 items), rank what would be important to you: fuel efficiency; safety features; crashworthiness; low maintenance costs; engine type; depreciation costs; environmentally friendly vehicles; and appearance, including paint color, ease of operation, and recall history.



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