Female Correctional Officers and Institutional Security

Dependent-Samples t Test: Female Correctional Officers and Institutional Security

The traditionally male-dominated field of correctional security is gradually being opened to women who wish to work in jails and prisons, yet there are lingering concerns regarding how well female correctional officers can maintain order in male institutions. Critics claim that women are not as capable as men when it comes to controlling inmates, which threatens the internal safety and security of the prison environment. Let us test the hypothesis that facilities with relatively small percentages of female security staff will have lower inmate-on- staff assault rates relative to those institutions with high percentages of female security staff because security in the latter will be compromised. We will use data from the Census of Jails and an alpha level of .05. The first sample consists of five jails with below-average percentages of female security staff, and the second sample contains five prisons selected on the basis of each one’s similarity to a prison in the first sample (i.e., the second sample’s prisons are all male, state-run, maximum-security facilities in Texas with inmate totals similar to those of the first sample). The difference between the samples is that the second sample has above-average percentages of female security staff.

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