Eukaryotic Cells

a. Eukaryotic cells contain:

i. Membrane-bound nucleus that houses DNA

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ii. Specialized organelles

iii. Plasma membrane which separates cell contents from environment, regulates passage of materials in and out; is composed of a phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins (Note: ALL cells have a plasma membrane.)

b. Eukaryotic cells are larger than prokaryotic cells.

c. Eukaryotic cells are compartmentalized, since they contain small structures called organelles to perform specific functions, isolating reactions from other reactions. There are two classes of organelles:

i. ________________________ system (organelles that communicate with one another via membrane channels and small vesicles

ii. Energy-related organelles that are independent and self-sufficient

1. mitochondria

2. chloroplasts

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