Criminal Investigations

  1. The primary goals of criminal investigations are to determine if a crime has been committed, obtain information and evidence to identify the perpetrator, make an arrest, recover any stolen objects, and present a good case to the prosecutor. The crime scene must be secured by taking pictures or videos. Taking proper notes which should be as detailed as possible. Information should also be obtained by any witnesses at the scene. The goal is to determine what happened at the crime scene and why it happened. Ultimately is to make an arrest to those who were responsible in committing the crime.



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  1. The primary goals of criminal investigations are to determine if a crime has been committed and then legally obtain the information and evidence that is needed to identify a suspect, and bring the crime to court. Once it can be determined that a crime did in fact occur, it is important for investigators to determine where, when and who committed the crime. The investigators then must obtain enough witnesses, confessions, or evidence, so they can translate the crime to a more criminal approach and arrest the suspects, recover any property involved in the case (robbery/theft), and then present all of their findings to an court authority/prosecutor to review the information, and present it in court. These goals will help solve a crime because they allow criminal investigators to follow strict guidelines to obtain everything needed to win a case for victims. To determine a crime has occurred is the first goal of an investigator is it assists in solving a crime because investigators will begin by securing the evidence/location the crime occurred, obtaining camera footage, and begin looking for any signs of criminal activity through photographing the scene, note taking, and interviewing. Once they can obtain their first goal of defining a crime, they can move onto their next goal, which is to collect more evidence to actually get the crime charged. By collecting more evidence, investigators are able to get the suspect arrest, and the highest charge without worrying about the case falling through which allows the crime to be solved, and recieve justice. Overall, the goals listed above help to solve a crime because they provide investigaors with guidelines to follow to obtain all the information needed, and to assist them in preserving all evidence, and criminal components involved in the crime to charge a suspect.


  1. The primary of goals of criminal investigations is more in depth than simply just solving the crime as it requires a systematic method of collecting evidence. The evidence found must be strong enough to identify the perpetrator, locate them, and prove that the perpetrator is guilty beyond reasonable doubt (Orthmann et al., 2017). Orthmann et al. (2017) shares that the first goal is to determine if the evidence discovered is enough to prove a specific offense such as a burglary offense where the front door was broken into. The following goal is to determine when and who committed the crime as this step is critical when verifying the alibis of potential suspects and recognize a modus operandi (Orthmann et al., 2017). The goals change when it is a property crime as now the goal is to find the property taken and recover it (Orthmann et al., 2017). These goals help criminal investigations follow a strategy of collecting evidence effectively and ensuring that there is little to no mistakes. Without these goals it would be difficult to catch the right perpetrator and run the risk of missing key details that could lead to an unsolved crime. For instance, conducting a criminal investigation on an occurrence where there is no crime could lead to wasting resources and labor only to find that there had been no crime committed. Not only do these goals contribute to solving a crime, but they also ensure that justice is served to the victim in the most careful and efficient way.


  1. The primary goal of crime scene investigation is gather as much information and evidence from a crime scene in order to determine if a crime was committed. This process also helps law enforcement to determine who did what and how. Multiple parties have a specific task to break down a crime scene in order to fully analyze it. The tasks include taping off the crime scene, processing fingerprints, taking photographs, taking notes, creating sketches and write reports. After that is done, authorities question any witnesses to help determine what has transpired. This step by step process allows each department to properly obtain as much information to side law enforcement in determining what happened and who did it. Without crime scene investigation, authorities can’t arrest and prosecute the person who committed the crime or seek justice for the victim. Crime scene investigation provides the evidence needed to back up the charges placed against someone so they aren’t being accused of something that wasn’t proven. Without it the scene would be tampered and contaminated. The photographs, sketches, video and reports are made to prove what the scene actually looked like. It forces the prosecution to hold the criminal accountable because they would be faced with the evidence taken from the scene.



  1. Criminal investigations focus on the crime by assessing the details of the potential criminal act to see if a crime has been committed. The investigator gathers evidence and information to identify the alleged perpetrator, presentation of the case to the prosecution team, recovery of stolen goods and make arrest. During the criminal investigation phase, the investigator interview witnesses, victims and secure the crime scene by thoroughly documenting the findings by use of written notation, videos and pictures. The primary goal is for the criminal investigator to gather all the facts surrounding the crime so he or she can ultimately make an arrest and begin the process of making the accused pay for their crime. Criminal investigation goals can help solve crimes because it can assist law enforcement agents with building a strong case against the accused and have them removed from society which can prevent them from committing any additional crimes. It can also provide the victim with some financial and emotional relief knowing that the individual who violated them will have to pay either financially or be jailed or both.








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