Breast Cancer

 

    • Mammography, a weak X-ray, is used to detect breast cancer
    • Death rate lower for those who had a “fighting spirit” or those who denied they had the disease
  • A positive psychological outlook may boost the body’s immune system
  • Mammography, a weak X-ray, is used to detect breast cancer.
  • Women over 50 should routinely have one.
    -Younger women have denser breasts and the problem of false positives increases.
  • Mammograms are expensive.
  • Increasing evidence suggests that cancer is also related to psychological factors.
    Mammography, a weak X-ray, is used to detect breast cancer.
  • Death rate of women with breast cancer was much lower for those who had a “fighting spirit” or those who denied they had the disease.
  • People with close family ties are less likely to develop cancer.
  • Cancer patients who are habitually optimistic report less physical and psychological distress.
  • Participating in group therapy reduces anxiety and pain and increases survival rates.
  • A positive psychological outlook may be related to a tendency to adhere to a strict treatment regimen.
  • A positive psychological outlook.

Breast Cancer Incidence and Age

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Figure 15-8 Age and the Risk of Breast Cancer

Starting around the age of 30, the risk of breast cancer becomes increasingly likely,

  • Determining age to begin routine screening mammograms is complicated by two considerations.
  • First, there is the problem of false positives or false negatives.
  • A second problem with routine mammograms is their expense, which runs around $125 on average.
  • Current consensus, at least among medical care providers, is that age 40 is the most reasonable age to begin routine annual screenings using mammograms.

 

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