Autotransplants involve a process through which human material is harvested and subsequently transplanted from one part of a patient’s body to another. The limitations associated with autografts (the material used in autotransplants) include the availability of human material as well as donor site diseases. The most litigated issue in this type of transplant involved insurance coverage for bone marrow autotransplants (Lee, 2014). For more than a decade, the medical community generally thought bone marrow transplants produced remissions in advanced breast cancer patients unresponsive to conventional therapy. While some states mandated coverage, insurers often excluded coverage of the bone marrow transplant procedure as experimental treatment or as medically unnecessary. After a decade of controversy, medical studies concluded the procedure was in fact ineffective and even potentially harmful (Wiley, 2016).

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