Approaches to Planning

Approaches to Planning With the basic understanding of needs and strengths, the health program planner next needs to engage more intentionally in planning. Planning, in the context of the planning and evaluation cycle, is the process of gathering information and making the subsequent decision regarding how something (e.g., the community assessment or the health program) will be done. A variety of definitions of “planning” have been suggested (Hoch, 1994; Alexander, 1992), but all share the elements of using a rational approach, making change, and using a democratic or participatory process. In terms of programs, planning is the set of activities in which key individuals define a set of desired improvements, develop an approach to achieve those desired improvements, and establish a means to measure the attainment of those desired improvements.

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