Advanced Pharmacology

Advanced Pharmacology

 

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Two of the common risk factors for polypharmacy include age and obesity. With regards to age, it can be said that when people get older, they are much more likely to be afflicted with various illnesses and diseases. This can include such issues as frailty (which increases risk of falling and getting injured), problems with various organs, loss of vision, loss of hearing, and many other medical and health problems (Ersoy & Engin, 2018). This is why older people tend to be prescribed with various medications for their conditions, which is something that can lead to polypharmacy. Other than that, we find that obesity is also something that is associated with polypharmacy. The reason for that is that when a person is obese, he or she is at a much higher risk of getting various illnesses, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, as well as other ailments. This is why it can be said obesity is also a risk factor for polypharmacy, as the patients would be taking medications for all these illnesses.

Nurse practitioners can take various actions to help prevent polypharmacy and its complications. One of the things that can be done is to ensure that the nurse practitioner is working closely with the patients and the families so that an accurate list of medications can be created. This would allow the nurse practitioner to be aware of all the different medications that the patient is taking so that any interactions and/or contraindications can be studied. Another intervention would be to ensure that there are no inappropriate, incorrect, unnecessary, or duplicate prescriptions. In some cases, patients might be taking two different medications to treat the same symptom, which can result in unnecessary and duplicate medications. This is something that can also help reduce complications from polypharmacy (Pala et al., 2021)

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