Adolescent Pregnancies

Part A

Several risk factors are associated with teenage pregnancies. These factors include the family history of teenage pregnancy. The given risks and the realities that are linked to teenage motherhood are well documented in several research papers. Adolescents give birth to children that are more likely to the preterm born. The children get a low birth weight which is more common in teenage pregnancies and teenage births (GM. Kassa & AO. Arowojolu et al. 2018). The risk factors of teenage pregnancies have prerequisite risk factors. Research conducted in Africa showed that the rate of pregnancy in adolescents is rising in most developing countries and mostly in remote areas. This age group is characterized by the peculiar physical, social and psychological health characteristics related to reproduction (GM. Kassa & AO. Arowojolu et al. 2018).

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An African study showed that one-fifth of adolescents become pregnant. There are attributing factors that tend to lead to these pregnancies, including the residence and the marital status of the individual. Some sociodemographic factors also include; the educational status of the adolescents in the community, their mother’s and the fathers and the given guardians to the adolescents on how they communicate to their children about the adolescent pregnancy and the sexual immorality that can face the community (GM. Kassa & AO. Arowojolu et al. 2018). There are very many interventions and social works that have been put in place to target the critical factors in reducing the number of adolescents getting pregnant. This has been declared a significant problem in public health and, most importantly, Africa. There are governmental and non-governmental organizations that help reduce adolescent pregnancy rates (GM. Kassa & AO. Arowojolu et al. 2018).

Globally, there are around 1 in 6 people are adolescents. Most of them are generally aged between 10 years to 19 years of age. More than 70 000 girls die all over the world due to complications related to adolescent pregnancies (GM. Kassa & AO. Arowojolu et al. 2018). Most of the children born by adolescents too tend to have a high mortality rate because many disorders are related to adolescent pregnancies. These disorders include; hypertensive disorders of pregnancies; some might get infections during pregnancy or birth. Most children are born with a low birth weight that leads to the death of most of them. Most of the deliveries come before the end of 9 months, and this is referred to as preterm delivery, which is more common in most adolescent pregnancies (GM. Kassa & AO. Arowojolu et al. 2018).

Part B

Several factors contribute to early pregnancy. And they tend to vary in different countries. They are generally referred to as the sociodemographic characteristics of the community that a given group of people is in. the first common factor was the parent to adolescent and how they communicate to their children about sex and teenage pregnancies (HW. Chung & EM. Kim, et al. 2018). An assessment was done on the given association between parents communication on the SRH and the pregnancy levels of the given adolescents. The study also shows an increase in the prevalence of adolescent pregnancies attributed to the morbidity and mortality rate of infants in different African countries. The other major cause of this is that these countries experience poverty and poor health services that can help them (HW. Chung & EM. Kim, et al. 2018).

Most of these adolescents that tend to get pregnant have a poor educational background. They have dropped out of school for school fees or other reasons. Some tend to leave school due to early pregnancies. They don’t have enough educational exposure to educate them on the effects of sex and the early pregnancies prevention methods (HW. Chung & EM. Kim, et al. 2018). Some girls are from low-income families, and for them to get the basic needs or the essential things that they require for survival, they are forced to have sex with those who are able and older to be given the essentials. There are programs in different developing countries that have been placed to help in educating girls and school adolescent children on the possible ways of abstaining and preventing early pregnancies. These programs also aim to educate parents on the essence of education and talk to their children about early sex and pregnancies. It gives the parents the essence of also providing for their children when in need so that they don’t think of any other options when they are in need (HW. Chung & EM. Kim, et al. 2018).

Part C

These factors are being resolved mainly with most non-governmental and governmental organizations that help in preventing these early pregnancies. These need the help of parents; parents should be clear on their sexual values and attitudes. This will make it easier for them to talk to their children about sex and its consequences (BO. Ahinkorah & M. Kang, et al., 2021). The other factor is the help of the teachers that tend to interact with these children. They should add topics like sex and early pregnancies in their classes. This will create more awareness, and girls will protect themselves against early pregnancies. The other factor is these organizations should provide essentials like sanitary towels to those children from developing countries and families that are unable to. This will help them get a platform to educate them and create awareness (BO. Ahinkorah & M. Kang, et al., 2021).

The organizations can also help by offering relevant scholarships to the girls from unable families to get the required education. This will also help them in reducing adolescent pregnancies. Law should also be placed on the adults that tend to violate the rights of young children in one way or the other so that they can provide them with what they need. This law should be taken severely after being installed, and the people that break the law taken into custody for severe punishment (BO. Ahinkorah & M. Kang, et al. 2021). Adolescent pregnancy has shown to be a global problem, mainly in developing countries. It requires the efforts of the parents, teachers, organizations, both governmental and non-governmental and the individual adolescents to ensure that they reduce the rates of adolescent pregnancies (BO. Ahinkorah & M. Kang, et al. 2021).

 

 

References

Chung, H. W., Kim, E. M., & Lee, J. E. (2018). Comprehensive understanding of risk and protective factors related to adolescent pregnancy in low-and middle-income countries: A systematic review. Journal of adolescence69, 180-188. .sciencedirect.com/science/article/PII/S0140197118301908

Kassa, G. M., Arowojolu, A. O., Odukogbe, A. A., & Yalew, A. W. (2018). Prevalence and determinants of adolescent pregnancy in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Reproductive health15(1), 1-17. reproductive-health-journal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12978-018-0640-2

Ahinkorah, B. O., Kang, M., Perry, L., Brooks, F., & Hayen, A. (2021). Prevalence of first adolescent pregnancy and its associated factors in sub-Saharan Africa: A multi-country analysis. PloS one16(2), e0246308. journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0246308

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