1879 constitutional convention

1-______________ took up the most time at the 1879 constitutional convention.
A-Funding for public schools
B-Reorganizing the judicial system
C-Regulation of corporations
D-Determining water rights
2-What was the MOST important reason why California agriculture was so modest in the
1860s?
A-Farmers’ reliance on only a few crops
B-Farmers’ ignorance of farming technology
C-Insufficient water supplies
D-Limited markets for its products
3-What accounted for the large increase in population growth in Oakland in the 1870s?
A-Its location as the terminus of the Central Pacific Railroad
B-Its high concentration of entrepreneurs and businessmen
C-Its ability to manufacture fine furniture from the surrounding oak trees
D-Its status a major deep-water port
4-In 1880 the most important water pollution issue involved
A-pesticides.
B-heavy-metal contamination.
C-industrial wastes.
D-mining debris.
5-In the 1870s, workers were MOST likely to blame which of the following for their
economic troubles?
A-Mexican Americans
B-Northern European immigrants
C-The Chinese
D-African Americans
6-California’s most important export in the 1870s and 1880s was
A-manufactured goods.
B-lumber.
C-wheat.
D-gold.
7-California wheat growing boomed during the 1870s primarily because of demand from
A-local markets.
B-national markets.
C-regional markets.
D-foreign markets.
8-What was California’s major industry between 1870 and 1900?
A-Mining for gold and other minerals
B-Manufacturing
C-Fruit and specialty crops
D-Timber
9-The first preservation efforts by California environmentalists focused on
A-Lake Tahoe.
B-the Santa Barbara coast.
C-the Yosemite area.
D-the redwoods.
10-What were the two key targets of the Workingmen’s Party of California?
A-Farmers and miners
B-Skilled labor and European immigrants
C-Capitalists and the Chinese
D-Catholics and African Americans
11-Which of the following did NOT hurt labor unions in the 1860s and 1870s?
A-An influx of cheap goods from the East
B-The Panic of 1873
C-An influx of workers from the East
D-Passage of the eight-hour work day
12-Culture in California from 1850 to 1900 can BEST be characterized as
A-innovative.
B-plain.
C-derivative.
D-unique.
13-The 1879 constitution
A-lowered taxes for farmers.
B-forbade discrimination against minorities.
C-was favored by the owners of Southern Pacific
D-gave women the vote.
14-Farmers and urban shippers were MOST unhappy with the Central/Southern Pacific
Railroad because of its
A-political influence.
B-impact on court decisions.
C-shipping rates.
D-bribery scandals.
15-Of the following cities, which was MOST vociferously opposed to railroad interests
from 1870-1900?
A-Los Ángeles
B-San Francisco
C-Sacramento
D-Oakland
16-In the 1870s, the development of agricultural water was hindered most by
A-inadequate mapping of California’s rivers and streams.
B-contradictory water laws.
C-farmers’ lack of concern about watering their crops.
D-lack of proper technology.
17-Railroads gave the greatest benefits to those
A-who were laborers for the railroad companies.
B-who could afford to pay the fares.
C-who were already prosperous.
D-who lived farthest from the tracks.
18-The Exclusion Act of 1882
A-required deportation of all Chinese in California.
B-was almost immediately ruled unconstitutional.
C-was based on a treaty between China and the United States.
D-excluded all minorities equally.
19-Which business sector did the MOST to promote California agriculture?
A-Railroads
B-Steamship companies
C-Manufacturers of farm machinery
D-Wagon builders
20-The leader of the Workingmen’s Party of California was
A-George Frederick Keller.
B-Denis Kearney.
C-William T. Coleman.
D-Bret Harte.
21-San Joaquin Valley cities such as Fresno, Modesto, and Merced were started by
A-Spanish missionaries.
B-mining companies.
C-companies affiliated with the railroad.
D-agricultural cooperatives.
22-California’s first public university was established in
A-San Francisco.
B-Los Ángeles.
C-Sacramento
D-Berkeley.
23-What geographic feature made San Francisco MOST attractive as a major center of
international and national trade?
A-Its hilly terrain
B-Its deep-water port
C-Its location on a peninsula
D-Its pleasant summer temperatures
24-In the 1860s, which city in the Far West was MOST prominent?
A-Seattle
B-San Francisco
C-Sacramento
D-Portland
25-The price of wheat plummeted by 1890 primarily because of
A-overproduction.
B-government policies that put a low price ceiling on wheat.
C-decreased demand.
D-government subsidies of Plains states farmers.
26-In which era was the MOST damage done to California’s environment?
A-American
B-Spanish
C-Native Californian
D-Mexican
27-Which southern California city benefited the MOST from railroad transportation in the
1870s?
A-San Diego
B-Riverside
C-Santa Barbara
D-Los Angeles

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